Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Chemistry, College of science and arts, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.
Physical Chemistry Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt.
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
A mixture of 10 wt% CuO-10 wt% Fe2O3 supported on cordierite were prepared by wet impregnation. The as-prepared solids doped with Li2O (0.75-3 mol %) were calcined at 500-900 ºC. The crystalline phase, morphology, and surface area were investigated by XRD, HR-TEM and N2-adsoprtion-desorption. Moreover, their photocatalytic activities of samples calcined at 700°C on the degradation of phenol were evaluated under UV-irradiation. The catalytic activity of different solids toward H2O2 decomposition was studied. Nano-materials were used to adsorb dyes as Remazole-Red and Congo-Red from aqueous solution. The sorption process was in good agreement of pseudo-second order equation and the Langmuir equation through their adsorption kinetics and isotherms, respectively. The CuO-Fe2O3/ cordierite doped with 0.75% Li2O at 700 ºC adsorbent was found to possess the highest removal efficiency of Remazole-Red and/or Congo-Red dyes and potentially lowering capital and operational costs for \practical applications. The highest removal efficiency of the anionic dyes over 0.75% Li2O at 700 ºC can be discussed by observing the appearance of new active phases as CuO, CuFe2O4 and LiCuO, decreasing the crystallite size of these active phases. 0.75 mol% Li2O has the greatest activity in H2O2 decomposition reached 700 %. This result may be related to the lowest particle size and the highest surface area of this sample, which also produced a large number of electrons donating active sites for H2O2 decomposition.