Microstructural refining during friction stir processing of SAF 2205 duplex stainless steel

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty of materials engineering, sahand university of technology, Tabriz, Iran

2 Faculty of Materials Engineering, Sahand university of technology

3 Faculty of materials engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran


Friction stir processing (FSP) was conducted on a SAF 2205 duplex stainless steel at advancing speed of 50 mm/min and rotational speed of 400 rpm.  Characterization of evolved material was studied using electron microscopy equipped with electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) system. The results indicated that the severe plastic deformation and the heat generated during the FSP developed a very fine microstructure in the stir zone (SZ). It was found that the finest grains with average grain size less than 1 µm were formed in the bottom of the SZ where the material was more likely to receive the lowest temperature in both constituent phases of ferrite and austenite. Therefore, it can be inferred that the material in the bottom of the SZ was less affected from the heat generated by the shoulder. The presence of such severe deformation along with the elevated temperature during the welding procedure inside the SZ activates the occurrence of continuous dynamic recrystallization mechanism throughout the material which seems to be responsible for grain refinement. Moreover, 111 and 110 pole figures of both constituent phases demonstrated that the rotating tool broke the initial microstructure, modified the pre-existence rolling texture of the starting material, and introduced simple shear texture components into the SZ.


15. Suwas S, Ray RK, Crystallographic Texture of Materials, Springer; 2009.
Volume 51, Issue 1
June 2018
Pages 20-25
  • Receive Date: 07 February 2018
  • Revise Date: 01 May 2018
  • Accept Date: 12 May 2018
  • First Publish Date: 01 June 2018