Mechanical properties of hot-pressed Al-4.5 wt. % Cu/WC composite

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty of Materials Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran

2 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Ilkhchi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilkhchi, Iran


In this study, the elemental powders of aluminum and copper were initially subjected to mechanical alloying using an attrition ball mill under argon atmosphere to produce an Al-4.5 wt% Cu powder alloy. The WC nanoparticles were then added to the powder alloy and milled in a planetary ball mill to explore the role of the WC nanoparticles on the mechanical properties of the fabricated composite powder. The experimental results revealed that a solid solution of Al-Cu could be formed after MA and a good dispersion of the WC nanoparticles in the aluminum matrix was obtained as characterized using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The results of hardness and compression tests of the hot pressed composites indicated that the MA followed by the hot-press processes was successful to fabricate an alloy and a metal matrix composite with considerable mechanical properties. However, a decreasing trend in the hardness and strength of the composites with the WC contents of more than 5wt% was observed. The maximum values of 260 HV and 575 MPa were obtained for a composite containing 5 wt% of nano ceramic particles.


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Volume 47, Issue 2 - Serial Number 2
December 2014
Pages 63-70
  • Receive Date: 05 May 2014
  • Revise Date: 17 November 2014
  • Accept Date: 16 December 2014
  • First Publish Date: 16 December 2014